Peter I, tsar of Russia who reigned jointly with his half-brother Ivan V (1682–96) and alone thereafter (1696–1725) and who in 1721 was proclaimed emperor. So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. Need tickets for the Mariinsky, the Hermitage, a football game or any event? Get our help and advice choosing services and options to plan a prefect train journey. Emperor Peter II died as dawn broke on 30 January 1730 – the day he had planned to marry Ekaterina Dolgorukova. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Russland: Peter II Rubel 1728 silber antik Nachlass at the best online prices at eBay! His mother died when he was only ten days old. Soon, however, Menshikov became sick, and his opponents took advantage of his illness. Czar Peter III of Russia was born on February 21, 1728, in Kiel, Germany. "der Große", 1672-1725, Zar von Russland 1689, Kaiser von Russland von 1721 bis 1725 Catherine I Skavronskaïa, 1684-1727, Kaiserin von Russland von 1725 bis 1727 Peter II., 1715-1730, Kaiser von Russland von 1727 bis 1730 Meanwhile, under the influence of Ivan Dolgorukov, who was seven years his senior and an elder companion in jolly amusements, Peter quickly acquired a taste for hunting. His earliest governesses were the wives of a tailor and a vintner from the Dutch settlement, while a sailor named Norman taught him the rudiments of navigation. Free shipping for many products! The date of the wedding was set, but then, at the beginning of 1730, the young Tsar became ill with smallpox, and passed away on the very day that the wedding was supposed to take place. Free shipping for many products! With the fall of Menshikov and related court intrigues, the Emperor's main favorites became Prince Aleksey Dolgorukov and his son Ivan, who maintained great influence over his decisions. The Romanovs ruled generation after generation until the death of Peter II in 1730, after which the successor was matrilineal due to the family lacking a male heir. ; Dav. See more ideas about imperial russia, russia, russian history. When he grew older, however, Peter was placed under the care of a Hungarian noble, Janos (Ivan) Zeikin (Zékány), who seems to have been a conscientious teacher. With Peter's death, the direct male line of the Romanov dynasty ended. His father, the tsarevich Alexei, accused of treason by his own father, Peter the Great, died in prison in 1718. 1715-1730. In the blink of an eye, the Menshikov estates were confiscated, he himself was forced to resign and, together with his entire family (including the recent "Tsar's Bride", whose engagement to Peter was dissolved), he was exiled to the city of Berezov in Siberia. In large part due to his youth, Peter's short reign was marked by the efforts of various nobles and clans to gain influence over the boy. DIE SAMMLUNG EINES NORDISCHEN JURISTEN, U. Fine Art Reproduction, Canvas on Stretcher, Framed Picture, Glass Print and Wall Paper. Kratzer im Feld der Vorderseite, sehr schön-vorzüglich Aus der Sammlung eines nordischen Juristen. He was totally engrossed in amusements, and was kept under someone else's influence.”. Navigate St. Petersburg’s dining scene and find restaurants to remember. After Catherine's death and the proclamation of Peter II as emperor, Menshikov took the young autocrat into his own house on Vasilievsky Island and had full control over all of his actions. He was succeeded by Anna I, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler, Ivan V. Before she died in 1740 the empress declared that her grandnephew, Ivan VI, should succeed her. [citation needed] Peter himself did not display much interest in study; his favorite occupations were hunting and feasting. Peter tightened serfdom by banning serfs from volunteering for military service and thus escaping serfdom.[2]. God knows what will happen with finances. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich, son of Peter I of Russia by his first consort Eudoxia Lopukhina, and Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Silber Rubel Zar Peter II. Having brought his entire Court with him to Moscow for the coronation ceremony that was traditionally held in the Kremlin's Uspensky Cathedral, the new Tsar quickly recognized the merits of the hunting grounds in the city's vicinity, and had no desire to forsake these pleasures and return to dank Petersburg. He also announced the dissolution of his engagement with Menshikov’s daughter. Selten und RAR! Imperial Statut of Russian orders (1797, Kremlin museum) 02 by shakko.jpg 3,272 × 3,743; 2.55 MB Imperial Statut of Russian orders (1797, Kremlin museum) 03 by shakko.jpg 2,120 × 3,610; 1.45 MB INC-1760-a Пять рублей 1798 г. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (a nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna (a daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I of Russia). Peter married twice and had 11 children, many of whom died in infancy. Auction Details Militaria, Historica, Antiques. Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, served as empress of Russia for more than three decades in the late 18th century after overthrowing her husband, Peter III. Still, he was disengaged from the affairs of state. He was then rushed into the palace, standing at the back of his sleigh. His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation (1861) of the serfs. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. He soon became addicted to alcohol. He was succeeded by Anna Ivanovna, daughter of Peter the Great's half-brother and co-ruler, Ivan V. Romanovs. He was son of Anna, one of Peter the Great’s daughters, and Charles Frederick, duke of Germany, which made him technically German. hat keinen Tropfen Blut, aber viel Schnaps gekostet, den Katharina II. He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel located at the Moscow Kremlin and was the only post-Petrine Russian monarch given that honor; along with Ivan VI (who was murdered and buried in the fortress of Shlisselburg), he is the only post-Petrine monarch not buried in the Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg. ANKAUF: Wenn Sie Ihre Sammlungen oder auch Einzelstücke verkaufen möchten, sagen wir Ihnen, was Ihre Münzen auf dem aktuellen Markt wert sind und kaufen sie Ihnen zu einem fairen Preis ab. Münzhof Kadashevsky. 12) October 1715. Foreign witnesses proclaimed that “All of Russia is in terrible disorder ... money is not paid to anyone. Peter Rußland, Zar, I. We can find you a suitable interpreter for your negotiations, research or other needs. The influential Menshikov, for all practical purposes the ruler of the country and head of the Supreme Privy Council, did everything in his power to protect and promote the young Emperor. All rights reserved. Peter prijevod u rječniku engleski - hrvatski u Glosbe, online rječnik, besplatno. The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old. Select the language you want the site navigation and record labels to be displayed in. Original Russland Rubel 1729 ZAR PETER II. Als Kind wuchs Peter überwiegend bei seiner Großmutter auf, der Zarin Jewdokija. The old aristocracy saw in the return of the Tsar to Moscow a revival of the old pre-Petrine traditions and way of life, while that part of the aristocracy which had ridden the wave of Peter the Great's reforms lamented the possible loss all of that previous era's grand achievements. [1][failed verification]. During the reign (1725-1727) of Catherine I, young Peter was ignored; but by the time she died in 1727, it had become clear to those in power that the only male-line grandson of Peter the Great could not be kept from his inheritance much longer. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. at the best online prices at eBay! To which the Emperor replied, "We shall see who is emperor, you or I." Despite these similarities, the emperor had no desire to learn to rule, unlike Peter the Great. 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. However, his behavior did not give chances to hope that he would be a good ruler. Born: St. Petersburg, 12 (23) October 1715Died: Moscow, 19 (30) January 1730Reigned: 1727-1730. The Russian fleet was abandoned, but Peter II showed no interest in the matter. This will not translate the actual content of the records. The relevant documentation also specified the betrothal of Peter to Menshikov's daughter Maria. Peter the Great 1715-1730. Well, he wasn’t supposedto be originally. Therefore, from his childhood, the young orphaned Peter was kept in the strictest seclusion. A few minutes later, he died. However, it soon became clear that the young monarch had no interest in his bride, perhaps influenced by his aunt Elizabeth Petrovna, who did not like Ekaterina. Sale Date(s) Nov 15, 2014 11:30 CET Venue Address. Alexander II (1855 to 1881) It's a little-known fact, at least in the West, that Russia freed its serfs … Peter the Great died in 1725 and was succeeded by his second wife, Catherine I, a woman of low birth. Peter II. VON RUSSLAND (1714-1730) Three-quarter length, standing, wearing a purple jacket resting his hand on a crown on a table to his left The coronation of Peter II took place in Moscow on 9 January 1728, with the Emperor and a huge entourage. The Story of Catherine the Great Hulu’s “The Great” offers an irreverent, ahistorical take on the Russian empress’ life. The powerful minister Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov, who had aided in Catherine's accession, replaced the boy's teachers with the vice-chancellor, Count Ostermann. His young age meant that he could not adequately manage public affairs, and he almost never appeared at the Supreme Privy Council. Planning for the wedding went forward regardless, set to take place on 19/30 January 1730. Pēteris II Romanovs. Choose your language. Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Alexei, whom the Tsar suspected of treachery. 1715-1730. RUSSISCHE MÜNZEN UND MEDAILLEN. His mother died when he was only ten days old. Meanwhile, the Dolgorukov clan decided to cement their familial relationship with the Emperor by arranging a marriage between Peter and the sister of his favorite, the young Princess Catherine Dolgorukova. Copyright © 2001-2020 ZAO "SAINT-PETERSBURG.COM". Everyone steals, as much as he can.” Moving the court and several other institutions from St. Petersburg back to Moscow was painful for the new capital, as well as the nobility forced to move with it, as Peter the Great had put much effort into developing St. Petersburg into a large and lively city at the time. Order now at low prices! This is the real history behind the period comedy Several weeks later, the Dolgorukovs were already on their way to Siberian exile, following that same bitter road which two years earlier had been travelled by Prince Menshikov and his family. Menshikov became arrogant and domineering. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. Rußland, Zar 1715-1730. Peter II was quick-witted, but apparently a stubborn and wayward boy, much like his grandfather. The reign of young Emperor Peter II ended in 1730, when he died from smallpox at the age of 16. He was one of Russia’s greatest statesmen, organizers, and reformers and made his country a world power. 12 October] 1715 – 30 January [O.S. Peter II returned to St. Petersburg from time to time, but continued an aimless life full of entertainment and distraction. “Peter II has not reached the age when a person's personality has already shaped,” Russian historian Nikolay Kostomarov wrote. The next day, doctors diagnosed him with smallpox. According to contemporaries, Ivan Dolgorukov lived a reckless and profligate lifestyle, leading Peter II to spend much time feasting, playing cards and enjoying the company of women. How on earth did he become Czar of Russia, then? Peter Zar 1715-1730. Seine Mutter starb kurz nach seiner Geburt, sein Vater starb drei Jahre später im Gefängnis. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Russland/Russia 50 Kopeken 1899 * (Paris) Silber Zar Nikolaj II. The Dolgorukovs attempted to get the emperor to sign a testament naming Ekaterina as his heir, but they were not allowed into the dying emperor’s quarters: Peter II was already unconscious. He was the only son of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich (son of Peter the Great by his first wife, Eudoxia Lopukhina) and of Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg. His mother died less than two weeks after his birth. This led to frustration among his subjects and the royal administration – officials did not dare to assume responsibility for important decisions. Coat of Arms of Alexander I, Nicholas I and Alexander II of Russia (Orden of the Golden Fleece).svg 604 × 1,024; 4.57 MB Imperial Monogram of Tsar Alexander I of Russia.svg 231 × 340; 1.62 MB Silver chest for deeds.jpg 760 × 1,014; 198 KB Thus, for all practical purposes, the capital of the country was transferred back to Moscow, and the boyar Dolgorukov clan acquired complete control over the young Emperor. Under the influence of Ostermann and the Dolgorukovs, Peter – long sick of Menshikov’s wardship – stripped him of his rank and exiled him to Siberia. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. Shortly after Catherine's death in 1727, the twelve-year-old Emperor was indeed betrothed to the sixteen-year-old Maria Menshikov. To protect themselves from similar unpleasantness, the nobles from the Supreme Privy Council decided to place upon the throne someone who depended upon them completely. The senate, the privy council and the guards took the oath of allegiance forthwith. Rubel 1729 Moskau. Peter I. Their grandfather showed no interest in their upbringing or education: the Tsar had disliked their father and even their grandmother, his own first wife, and young Peter in particular reminded him of his only son Al… Der Putsch gegen Zar Peter III. Related personalities: Nicholas II Nicholas II was the last Emperor of Russia. Prägungen des Zaren Peter II. The program of education that Ostermann compiled included history, geography, mathematics, and foreign languages, but the overall education of the future emperor remained shallow and left much to be desired. Alexander I One of the key statesmen of the 19th century, Alexander I is one of the most mysterious and controversial figures in … Peter, who stood at roughly 6 1/2 feet tall, was a handsome man who drank excessively and harbored violent tendencies. The family schemed to tie themselves to the imperial bloodline, and persuaded Peter to marry Ekaterina. 12) October 1715. 28,22 g. Bitkin 101 var. His mother died shortly after his birth. “While contemporaries praised his natural intelligence and good heart, they only hoped for that good to happen in the future. He hated learning and thinking about national affairs. Han var barnebarn af Peter den Store og dennes første kone Eudoxia Lopukhina.. Biografi. (1729–1796) Loading… Aug 8, 2015 - Peter II Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. In his delirium, he ordered horses so that he could go see his recently deceased sister Natalya. In late December 1729, Peter II fell dangerously ill. His condition deteriorated sharply after the frosty Epiphany Day in January 1730, when he participated in a feast. Aug 27, 2015 - Explore Mary Lee (Skokos) Leszczuk's board "Imperial Russia", followed by 290 people on Pinterest. We can help. He gradually fell under the ultimate influence of the Dolgorukovs – Peter II became smitten with the 18-year-old beauty Ekaterina Alekseyevna Dolgorukova. He even began building a palace for him not far from his own, which was the largest palace in the capital at that time. This jostling and conniving began under the reign of Catherine I, who meant to marry him off to Maria, the daughter of Prince Menshikov, that comrade of Peter the Great who had become an all-powerful "advisor" during Catherine's six-year reign. Through the efforts of Menshikov, the court named Peter as Catherine's heir apparent, even though Catherine had two daughters of her own. 19 January] 1730) reigned as Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his untimely death. For a few months in the summer of 1727, "Not even Peter the Great was so feared or so obeyed" according to the Saxon ambassador. 1669; Diakov 13 var. Get around in comfort with a chauffeured car or van to suit your budget and requirements. 1727-1730 SILBER Randschrift Bitkin Nr. 19 January] 1730) was the Emperor of Russia from 1727 until his death. In fact, he was the grandson of Charles XII of Sweden, on his father’s side, which meant that once his parents died when Peter was y… Peter I, better known as Peter the Great, is generally credited with bringing Russia into the modern age. The majority of Russians and three-quarters of the nobility (especially the old-established nobility) were on his side, while the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (Peter's uncle - the husband of his mother's elder sister, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel) persistently urged Peter's claims through the imperial ambassador at Saint Petersburg. Maximize your time in St. Petersburg with tours expertly tailored to your interests. Silbermünzen aus dem Münzhof Kadashevsky in Moskau. A. ZAR PETER II., 1727-1730. The fourth film; Peter Alexeevich; Anna Leopoldovna; Elizabeth Petrovna, Nicholas Riasanovsky, The History of Russia, page 250, born a Grand Duke, but stripped of his title by, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich as claimant to the Russian throne, title of pretence granted by Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich as claimant to the Russian throne, Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Princess Elisabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg, Duchess Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Albert Ernest I, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen, Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen, Duchess Christine Friederike of Württemberg, http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/akiado/ssash/2004/00000049/f0020003/art00005, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peter_II_of_Russia&oldid=980825122, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 17:53. Peter II Alexeyevich (Russian: Пётр II Алексеевич, Pyotr II Alekseyevich) (23 October [O.S. Let our meeting and events experts help you organize a superb event in St. Petersburg. Czar Ivan V (joint ruler with Peter I, the Great) 1696-1725: Czar Peter I, the Great, Emperor of All Russia: 1725-1727: Catherine I, Empress of All Russia: 1727-1730: Peter II, Emperor of All Russia: 1730-1740: Anna Ivanovna, Empress of All Russia: 1740-1741: Ivan VI, Emperor of All Russia: 1741-1761: Elizabeth, Empress of All Russia: 1761-1762 Petr 1715-1730 Emperor of Russia. A period of So three-year-old Peter and his four-year-old sister, Natalya, became orphans. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp(nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna, a daughter of Emperor Peter Iand Empress Catherine Iof Russia. Nikitin: Zar Peter I.: der Große. aus dem Moskauer Münzhof Kadashevsky Rubel 1728, Moskau, Münzhof Kadashevsky. Peter Rußland, Kaiser, I. The grandson of Peter the Great, and son of Tsarevich Alexey (who was accused of treason by his father and died imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress in 1718) and his wife, the German Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Peter II ascended to the Russian throne when he was only eleven years old. Peter II van Rusland Russisch tsaar. Peter II (russisk: Пётр II Алексеевич; Pjotr II Aleksejevitj) (23. oktober 1715 – 29. januar 1730) var zar af Rusland fra 1727 til sin død i 1730. German School, 18th century PORTRAIT OF CZAR PETER II OF RUSSIA (1714-1730) DEUTSCHE SCHULE, 18.JHDT., PORTRAIT VON ZAR PETER II. Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. 1727 und 1728, ehemals gehänkelt , fast schön Mindestpreis: 100. Peter was born in Saint Petersburg on 23 (O.S. Though they were also known as Romanov, the next rulers were from the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov family. Peter Alexejewitsch war ein Enkel Peters I. Seine Eltern waren der „unglückliche“ Zarewitsch Alexei von Russland und dessen Gemahlin Charlotte Christine, Tochter von Herzog Ludwig Rudolf von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel.